Notes


Note    N30         Index
[Part1.FTW]

Weight at birth: 8 lb. 1 oz.

Notes


Note    N31         Index
Cause of death was Nephritis & Anemia

Notes


Note    N32         Index
[Part1.FTW]

Maiden name may not be correct. Could be Connell.

Notes


Note    N33         Index
[Part1.FTW]

Twin to William Park

Notes


Note    N34         Index
[Part1.FTW]

Twin to Andrew Park

Notes


Note    N35         Index


Notes


Note    N36         Index
Mary Splaine on marriage record

Notes


Note    N37         Index
[Part1.FTW]

In 1911 Census it was stated that she bore 13 children, of which 10 were alive at that time.

Notes


Note    N38         Index
Widower when he married Susan Swanton nee Roycroft

Notes


Note    N39         Index
After Anne Symms died, Samuel rented out the Cunnamore property and bought the Lisheen property.


Notes


Note    N40         Index
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Conor Kelleher from Skibbereen, a member of the Fourth Battalion Second Irish Guards and Admin. Company, pictured at the grave in Eritrea of another Skibbereen man, Richard Roycroft, who was killed in action in 1941 during WWII. Two Skibbereen men, Conor Kelleher and Cathal Keohane, returned home just before Christmas having served for a six-month UNMEE peace keeping tour of duty in Eritrea in north east Africa. They were members of the 208-strong Fourth Battalion Second Irish Guards and Admin. Company, based at Collins Barracks, Cork. While in Eritrea, Conor and Cathal travelled to Keren Commonwealth Graveyard where they laid a wreath on the grave of another Skibbereen man, Richard Roycroft, who had been killed on St. Patrick’s Day, 1941, during World War II.

Southern Star, Skibbereen, Co. Cork, Ireland
Issue Date Sat, Feb 08 03

For the last 12 months Irish Troops have been serving in East Africa, as part of UNMEE, United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea.

It is the largest commitment of Irish troops to Africa since the Congo in 1960, our emergence on the scene of UN Peacekeeping. After the withdrawal of the Irish battalion from UNIFIL in November 2001, the UNMEE mission is currently the largest Irish troop contribution to a UN mission.

Although 1960 was the first time that troops of the Irish Defence Forces served overseas, it was not the first time Irish soldiers served in Africa.

Over 60 years ago, the world was locked in the bitter struggle of the Second World War and, although the Irish Free State was neutral, thousands of Irishmen joined the Allied Forces. In the dark days of 1941, Britain stood alone, having endured defeat after defeat.

The only success achieved at this time by British and Commonwealth Forces was achieved by General Wavell and O’Connor, in defeating Italian Forces in East Africa.

The town of Keren, the last Italian stronghold in Eritrea, was the scene of the most bloody and decisive battle of the entire war in East Africa. Keren forms a perfect defensive position, guarding the entrance from the Western plains to the Eritrean plateau, the only road passing through a deep gorge with precipitous and well fortified mountains on either side.

On these heights, the Italians concentrated some 23,000 riflemen, together with a large number of well sited guns and mortars. Preliminary assault by British and Indian troops was repulsed after a week of bitter fighting, although they gained and held a valuable position on Cameron Ridge on the left hand side of the road. The final battle began a month later. After ten days of gruelling combat, Commonwealth troops succeeded in forcing through the 200-yard long roadblock, which the Italians had blasted at the narrowest point in the pass. Thus was opened the road to Asmara and four days later came the final Italian surrender.

The Italian and Commonwealth graveyards bear testament to the sacrifice made by both sides and the Commonwealth graveyards in Keren and Asmara hold the remains of Irishmen who died during the bitter conflict of 1939-45.

As the strains of The Last Post echoed across the hills of South Lebanon in November, 2001, to commemorate our fallen comrades who died on UN service, it was only fitting, that we as Irish soldiers, while serving in Ethiopia and Eritrea, remembered Irishmen who died in East Africa over 60 years ago, during the Second World War.

After the November 11th commemoration in Asmara, a three-hour drive to Keren was the scene for Irish troops to remember their countrymen who paid the ultimate sacrifice. Men from all over the island of Ireland died, these include: James Crowley, age 26, from Labasheeda, Co. Clare; Michael McGurrin, age 26, from Derrylin, Co. Fermanagh; David Carrol, age 21, from Ballynure, Co. Wicklow; Joseph Mulligan, age 40, from Belfast, Co. Antrim; David Stokes, age 21, from Louisburgh, Co. Mayo; James Whitney, age 26, from Drumcondra, Co. Meath; Richard Roycroft, age 20, from Skibbereen, CorkSkibbereen, CorkSkibbereen, CorkSkibbereen, CorkSkibbereen, CorkSkibbereen, Graveyard; James Fadden, age 23, Ballyhean, Co. Mayo; Thomas King, age 29, Waterside, Derry; Charles McKee, age 19, Carrigfergus, Co. Antrim; Charles Martin, age 36, Macroom, Co. Cork; Tom O’Connor, age 31, Kiltyclogher, Co. Leitrim; Laurence Roberts, Dublin, buried in Asmara Commonwealth Graveyard.

Having served for almost six months in Eritrea, we can only imagine the difficulties climate, terrain and sickness presented over sixty years ago during a period of intense conflict and bitter strife in this harsh environment and appreciate the hardship that was a daily fact of life of soldiering in East Africa at that time. Indeed, it is ironic that Richard Roycroft from Skibbereen, Co.Cork, killed on St. Patrick’s Day 1941, had a wreath laid on his grave by fellow Skibbereen men, Conor Kelleher and Cathal Keohane, both soldiers serving with UNMEE.

It is only fitting that we, as Irish soldiers, continuing the centuries old tradition of Irish soldiers serving, fighting and dying in Foreign lands, should remember the Irishmen who gave their lives during the 1939-45 War in East Africa, by the simple act of visiting their resting places, placing a small bouquet of local flowers on their graves, ensuring that after 60 years far from family and home, they shall not be forgotten.

"They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old,

Age shall not weary them or the years condemn,

At the going down of the sun and in the morning,

We shall remember them."